What is Colpit?
This term refers to the inflammatory process of the vaginal mucosa.
Causes of Colpitis
It is most often caused by staphylococci, streptococci, Escherichia coli and pathogens from other groups. In most cases, the disease is caused not by a single microorganism, but by their group, often with the presence of Trichomonas.
Pathogenesis during Colpitis
There are acute, subacute, chronic forms of the disease. In the latter case, it proceeds chronically, with a constant alternation of improvement and new exacerbations. In this case, the inflammatory process can be limited to only one area, and it can also be widespread, capturing the cervix and vulva.
Symptoms of Colpitis
The most important symptom of colpitis, on the basis of which you can sometimes even make a diagnosis right away, is vaginal discharge, which in some cases is liquid and in others – purulent.
Patients entering the clinic complain about the sensation of itching in the vagina and vulva, the impossibility of sexual intercourse due to pronounced pain. Also, painful sensations in the area of the external genital organs are greatly exacerbated during the process of urination. When the process goes to the chronic stage, these manifestations become much less pronounced, there are practically no complaints from the patient, the diagnosis of the disease is considerably more difficult. The main method of research of such patients, allowing to make an accurate diagnosis, is the study of the upper sections of the vagina with the help of special vaginal mirrors. During the acute stage of the disease, the symptoms are quite characteristic. At the same time, the mucous membranes of the vagina acquire a bright red color, their edema develops, and when touched, the bleeding is very easily caused to the affected area.
All mucous membranes are covered with purulent character. In severe forms of the disease during vaginal examination, a large number of its surface defects can be found on the mucosa, which have the appearance of spots of irregular outlines that stand out in their bright red color. In other cases, small elevations are visible on the mucous membrane, the appearance of which is due to the accumulation in the latter of immune cells that have migrated here from the bloodstream. After the pathological process subsides, the spots of redness become less intense, vaginal discharge is very scarce or stops altogether. Material for research during the disease is taken from the surface of the vagina, cervix, from the urethra, from the large glands of the vestibule of the vagina. It is examined under a microscope or seeded on special media.
Treatment of the disease consists of two directions: general therapy of the whole body of the patient and local measures directly in the area of the lesion.
Local procedures include washing the vagina with antiseptic solutions and infusions of various herbs. An effective and very convenient drug for the local treatment of colpitis is the vaginal suppositories Vagikal, which harmoniously combine medicinal Calendula, traditionally used in gynecology and modern technology, thanks to which the drug does not leak from the vagina and does not stain clothes.
Local procedures should continue until the results of bacteriological examination of a smear taken from the vagina, but not less than 3-4 days.
In case of detection of staphylococci taken from the patient material, vaginal washing and the introduction of tampons containing special antiseptic substances are used in it. There is a special specificity of treatment in the detection of microorganisms capable of vital activity under anoxic conditions. With the defeat of the mucous membrane of pathogenic fungi, various antifungal drugs are used. In any case, the development of the inflammatory process of the vagina should be used antibacterial drugs. In this case, a specific drug from a specific chemical group should be selected only by an experienced medical specialist. It is mandatory for such patients to be administered topically to substances that help restore the normal microflora of the vagina. A very important point is the treatment of associated diseases of the female reproductive system, which should be carried out by a gynecologist. When an inflammatory disease of the external genital organs is detected in a woman, her sexual partner must also be examined. In identifying pathology in him, treatment is necessary.
Always favorable in cases where a competent therapy of the disease is started in a timely manner.